HRP and HRD Practices in Schools – A Literature Review

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Sahera Fatima, Dr. Rajeev Sharma


Human resource management and the impact of its policies and practices on the organizational outcome has been an important subject for researchers. This holds good in any industry and education sector is no exception. It has been increasingly acknowledged that schools need to implement human resource management as it holds the potential of improving student performances through increasing teacher involvement, empowerment and motivation (Runhaar, 2016). The teachers working under equitable and enlightened HRM policies and practices deliver better education and stay in the profession longer thus reducing the employee turnover costs and challenges for education managers (Handbook of good human resource practices in the teaching profession, 2012). Although a majority of schools do not use systematic HR policies, there is a definite awareness of their potential and impact on teachers’ mobility and development (Seezink and Poell, 2011). For this reason, researchers across the globe have been studying how various human resource planning and development practices followed by schools impact the teachers’ and students’ performances. Human Resource Planning (HRP) entails identifying an organization's HR objectives, designing a strategy for achieving those goals, and putting together a detailed set of strategies to integrate and organize activities as part of the HR strategy (George, 2017).  Thus HRP includes practices as job analysis, job evaluation, recruitment and selection strategies, induction and orientation practices while HRD involves employees’ training and development practices of organizations. This paper presents the review of selected literature pertaining to the human resource management practices with respect to recruitment & selection, induction & orientation and training practices in school sector of various countries.


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