An exploratory study on the structural relationship between entrepreneurship, organizational citizenship behavior, and management performance of venture companies

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Tae-Young Kim, Yen-Yoo You, Chaelee Kim


Background/Objectives: This study is concerned with whether the three factors of entrepreneurship, such as innovation pursuit performance, initiative, and risk susceptibility, have a relationship between sportsmanship, an organizational citizenship behavior, and public interest behavior. If civic behavior was regarded as a dependent variable, this study attempted to exploratory check how it is finally connected with management performance, targeting startup business venture business operations.

Methods/Statistical analysis: In order to find out whether the main measurement variables of this study are valid and reliable, in this study, in addition to the confirmatory factor analysis through the structural equation modeling analysis which is the method of analyzing the validity and reliability of widely used measurement tools in the research field related to business administration. We tried to secure validity and reliability through Bach's alpha coefficient.

Findings: First, as factors of entrepreneurship affecting sportsmanship, a variable of organizational citizenship behavior, three factors such as Innovativeness, Proactivity, and Risk-taking all had statistically significant effects. Second, the result of the relationship between organizational citizenship behavior variables and management performance behavior variables, sportsmanship did not have a statistically significant effect on management performance, but civic virtue was found to be statistically significant. The entrepreneurial spirit, which includes various virtues including creativity, which are threatened by startup business today, and furthermore, the behavior with organizational citizens. Through this study, it is the fact that proactiveness and risk taking factors are important to increase organizational citizenship behavior when a new venture company is born. It can be seen that more useful implications were presented for examining the factors.

Improvements/Applications: As for this study, if related studies are conducted in the future, more characteristics of entrepreneurship should be considered. This point would be the same for the variables of organized citizenship behavior actively used in this study.


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