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The purpose of this study is to find out which factors will influence the leisure participation of medical and nursing staff. Three-dimensional leisure constraints based on the Jackson, Crawford and Godbey’s (1991) leisure constraints model, were used as the theoretical framework for the study. The sample consisted of 547 medical and nursing staff being employed in the front line of hospitals in Nanchang city, Jiangxi province, China, in order to analyze the factors that definitely affected their leisure participation. The findings highlighted that the structural constraint was the most important than the interpersonal and intrapersonal constraint. Some factors, such as weather and climate, working pressure, lack of professional guidance and environmental pollution from structural constraints,could directly and positively influence the leisure choices of medical and nursing staff. In the end, the study showed that nearly 70% of these staff had no more than two times of leisure per week and more than 76% of them spent less than two hours to leisure in each time. This is uselessto the physical and mental health of medical and nursing staff.
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