National Curriculum Reforms in Indonesia: Moving from Partial to Holistic Curriculum

Main Article Content

Tasman Hamami, Suyatno


Changing the partial curriculum to be holistic is a crucial phenomenon, because it has broad implications for educational processes and outcomes. This paper aims to elaborate on changes to the Indonesian National curriculum from a partial toward holistic education perspective. Through qualitative approach, this study collected data based on formal curriculum documents published by the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia. Data analysis used critical text analysis techniques with rational thinking patterns. The results revealed that the basic framework and elements of the National Curriculum, consistently refer to the principles of balance, wholeness, and linkages in education that form the whole personality of students. In conclusion, the changes of the National Curriculum reflect the concept of holistic education. The concept of this holistic curriculum is at the level of the formal curriculum, while its implementation in the education and learning process requires its own appropriate policies and strategies.

Article Details