Reducing Recidivism Among Former Offenders: Strategies To Increase Success In Social Reintegration

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Arafat Razali, Jamaludin Mustaffa, Siti Rozaina Kamsani


As With The Increased Global Prison Population And Recidivism Rate, The Social Reintegration Barriers Among Former Offenders Called For Significant Attention By Related Parties. Scholars And Criminologists Have Investigated The Dynamic Challenges Experienced By Former Offenders Psychologically, Socially, And Economically In Focus. Among The Compelling Issues Related To Difficulties In Reintegrating Into The Society Is The Exclusion Of Former Offenders As A Vulnerable Category In A National Policy Or Legislation, Low Self-Esteem And Inferiority Complex Among Former Offenders Towards Changing Environment Outside The Prison, Poor Relationship And Support From Family And Society, Experienced Difficulties In Fulfilling Necessities, Limited Access To Economic Assistance, And The Lack Of Access To Aftercare Support And Services. This Paper Analyses And Organized Seven Social Reintegration Strategies, Namely, The Establishment Of National Reintegration Policy, Assistance In The Pursuit Of Basic Needs, Equipment Of Knowledge And Marketable Skills Meeting The Current Social And Economic, Enhancement Of Family, Community, Professional Engagement With The Former Offender, Improvement Of Aftercare Support And Services, Strengthen The Social-Ethnic Relationship, And Involvement Of Former Offender With Volunteerism, Advocacy, And Activism. The Proposed Suggestions Hope To Set A New Horizon Of The Current Reintegration Interventions Implemented By Related Parties To Develop National Reintegration Strategies And Policies Aligned With Former Offenders' Conditions, Needs, And Abilities.    

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