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A vital part of rural infrastructure empowerment is rural electrification, and it is crucial for the development of the country as a whole. The welfare of the villagers is one of the essential goals of rural electrification. Compared with urban electrification, rural electrification is relatively costly. A practical microgrid approach is introduced for a particular geographic area utilizing locally accessible electricity supplies, given the current power demand. There have been many variations and diverse varieties of various energy mixes, such as photo-electric solar generators and diesel generators. In off-grid and on-grid networks, diesel generators, in addition to batteries, can be used as reserve resources. A detailed engineered analysis for the hybrid modeling of various electrical renewables HOMER-Pro simulation packages can be used to evaluate the optimum energy mix process, which is far-fetched in the existing literature analysis. The purpose of the simulation tool is to choose from the resources available in a given village the best possible combinations of HRES.
The study's detailed findings indicate that the majority of the power produced in both off/on grid situations is photo-electric solar power. In the off-grid environment, the renewable fraction is comparatively high, and it is varying from 92% - 100%, compared with perturbations around 63% - 80% in grid-tied systems. The outcomes also divulge that grid-tied systems levelized cost of power perturbs around Rs.0.18 ₹/kWh - Rs.1.39 ₹/kWh. Furthermore, Levelized electricity rates are too low in comparison to off-grid device prices of Rs.11.96 - Rs.18.47 /kWh. A resource and demand assessment are carried out in this study, and COE for different scenarios and configurations is also determined.
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