Literature Study of Monetary Instruments and Money Markets According to Sharia Principles

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Andri Soemitra, Ahmad Rivai, Pandapotan, Rifki Ismal, Iskandar Muda


The purpose of this paper is to determine the extent to which Islamic monetary instruments are applied to banking in Indonesia. This study uses a qualitative approach by collecting journal articles that are relevant to the purpose of this study. The collected articles were analyzed for content (content analysis) and then triangulated the data to arrive at a conclusion. In his study, he stated that the only money market allowed in Islam is a money market that does not use the interest system, this is to avoid usury nasi'ah because the loss (danger) of interest is greater than the profit (mashlahah). The main findings of this study indicate that the instruments used in the policy of determining monetary control in the Islamic banking system include; Reserve Ratio, Moral Persuasion, Lending Ratio, Refinance Ratio, Profit Sharing Ratio, Islamic Sukuk, Government Instrument Certificate (GIC) with various products as policy instruments in banking for current interbank transactions in Indonesia such as Interbank Muḍarabah Certificates, Wadî'ah Certificates Bank Indonesia, Bank Indonesia Syariah Certificate (SBIS), Commodity Trading Certificate Based on Interbank Syariah Principles (SIKA) and Sharia Short-Term Financing Facility (FPJPS)

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