The Effectiveness of Using Pictures for Enhancing Vocabulary of ESL Learners at Elementary Level Students

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Ramzana Nawaz, Samina Sarwat, Syed Khuram Shahzad


Vocabulary is a difficulty for children, especially young learners. Young children's capacity to learn and recall words is limited. Vocabulary development is a challenging task for teachers due to the limitations of children's skills.  The teacher can use practical, inspiring, and effective classroom teaching methods to help students to enhance their vocabulary knowledge. Using pictures to teach vocabulary can help teachers focus students' attention and encourage them to learn more efficiently. The study aims to investigate whether using pictures as a medium can help elementary school students learn new words. This study examined elementary ESL students who had divided into two groups: experimental and control. Images were delivered to the Experimental group, while the Control group received directions without pictures. The data for the study is collected using a pre-test and a post-test. Before administering the treatments, the researcher conducts a pre-test for both groups.  After providing the students with the knowledge for two weeks, the researcher performs a post-test to see how their vocabulary knowledge had improved. The working hypothesis of this study is that teachers who utilize pictures get much better grades than those who do not. The difference in scores demonstrates the effectiveness of using images to teach vocabulary skills to students. As a result, English teachers can utilize pictures to teach vocabulary to their students.

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