Morphofunctional Features of the Feet in Children with Scoliosis, Depending on their Constitutional, Gender and Age Characteristics

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Kamalova Shahnoza Muzaffarovna , Xaribova Elena Aleksandrovna , Teshayev Shuhrat Jumayevich


In this article, we examined the anthropometric data of the feet of children with scoliosis from 3 to 12 years old. A total of 136 people of both sexes with asthenic, hypersthenic and normothermic body types, divided into four age periods (the early childhood (3-5 years), the first childhood (6-7 years), the second childhood (8-11 years) and adolescence (12 years)) were under observation The longitudinal arch of the foot in children was detected by means of computerized plantography using K-coefficient. All children were subdivided into 3 somatotypes (hypersthenic, normosthenic and asthenic). The results of the study show that in the period of early childhood, the K coefficient has the same value in both boys and girls. During the first childhood in asthenics, as well as in hypersthenic, the K coefficient decreases both in girls and boys by the same amount. The K-coefficient was increased at the boys of all somatotypes in the period of the second childhood in comparison with the previous period and becomes slightly higher than this indicator of the girls. In this period the K-coefficient was increased at the girls of normosthenic (р<0,05) and hypersthenic (р>0,05) somatotypes, but was decreased in asthenics (р>0,05). In teenagers the K-coefficient continues to increase at the persons of the both sexes of all types of the somatotypes in comparison with the previous period.

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