Dam Development Induced Displacement In India: A Humanitarian Approach

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Dinoop K, Simi Joseph


This article aims to study the impact of dam-developed induced displacement. Displacement is characterised as the displacement of people from their homes and communities. It also exacerbates economic inequality, helplessness, and isolation rather than mitigates it. This may mean the loss of livelihoods and families in the economy. In India, people are still forcefully displaced, and achieving the goal of resettlement remains extremely difficult. The study found that sustainable growth aspirations, where people are better off than before relocation, are still a long way off. The Adivasi or tribal people make up 40-50 per cent of the displaced, despite accounting for just 8% of the total population. Women in this class suffer more. In India, resettlement policies and programmes have primarily remained gender-segregated, failing to account for women's unique experiences, rendering resettlement a challenging process for them. Compensation alone would not be enough to restore and boost the income levels of those impacted completely

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