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The doctrines and teachings of Islam have affected a large number of political systems throughout the world. Since Islam is a monotheistic religion, it is considered that there is only one supreme authority and everyone else is accountable for their actions. The study set out to achieve the following objectives to identify the role of Islam in different aspects of the system of the Muslim World, to assess different factors of Islamic influence affecting the Muslims and the political system, to evaluate the impact of Islamic values on the political system followed by the Muslim Islamic state in the contemporary settings. The study adopted the secondary research strategy where the data was analysed by means of content analysis data analysis technique. The study found that many Islamic countries which did not have friendly ties in the past are now adapting to strategies that promote friendly relationship and move towards resolving conflict. However, in the global context, many political leaders and stakeholders are merging the religious ideals with democratic platform to form a new politic al vision, policies and relevant institutional platforms. As Islam promotes peace and preaches to build a friendly environment that can accommodate people in a peaceful manner, similarly, the same ideology has been observed by the countries practising Islam. Islam on the contemporary Muslim world is still considered as significant as the ideology of Islamic states remains the same which forms the basis on the fundamentals like equality, justice and brotherhood.
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