A Review of Augmented Reality in Physics Education and physics laboratory experiments (Applications, Advantages, Challenges)

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Dr. Remah Y. Al-Masarweh


Augmented reality (AR) is one of the latest technologies that have ‎demonstrated‏ ‏‎to be ‎an ‎efficient ‎tool to improve pedagogical techniques, it ‎have the potential to transform ‎physics ‎education by making ‎challenging ‎concepts visible and ‎accessible to everyone. ‎

This study presents a review of the literature on the ‎use ‎of augmented ‎reality AR ‎technology ‎to ‎support physics education as a ‎developed ‎technical ‎learning environment, and ‎evaluate it ‎to ‎determine the ‎effectiveness of it in physics education. It synthesizes a set of ‎‎102 ‎publications ‎from 2000 to ‎‎2021.There were articles found using the keywords ‎‎"Augmented Reality and Physics", " Augmented Reality and Physics, Augmented Reality and Physics Education, Augmented Reality and Physics Laboratory, Physics education development, Physics Education Motivation". ‎A ‎content analysis ‎is ‎used to ‎investigate the characteristics, ‎advantages, ‎and applications of ‎augmented reality in in the context of ‎physics ‎concepts ‎and ‎physics ‎laboratory experiments.  The findings reveal ‎an increase ‎in ‎the number of ‎AR ‎studies in physics education during the last years, ‎and the Most of ‎the ‎studies ‎reviewed ‎emphasize a positive ‎effects of learning with ‎‎(AR) in various ‎instructional ‎ways, where is the ‎augmented reality learning ‎components is ‎foster learning by  ‎permits the ‎learners to observe the ‎real world with ‎augmented virtual ‎elements.

Thus, AR ‎ ‎provides ‎important advantages‎ ‎in ‎fostering ‎students’ ‎conceptual ‎understanding and ‎good learning outcomes, motivation, ‎performance, ‎thinking ‎level, ‎technical ‎skills, ‎and the expertise. In addition, its role in ‎pedagogical ‎contributions and ‎improve ‎the ‎learners ‎interactions. However, few studies have pointed out some challenges to the use of ‎augmented reality ‎technology in ‎physics education. Some noted ‎challenges imposed by AR are usability issues ‎and ‎technical problems. In ‎addition, current ‎gaps in AR research and ‎needs in the field ‎are ‎identified. ‎

A number of suggestions ‎for future research arose through this ‎review for ‎previous ‎studies, it ‎is ‎suggested that augmented reality should be used in ‎several ‎subjects ‎of physics ‎which are difficult to ‎comprehend. ‎ and AR ‎experiences ‎should ‎complement traditional ‎curriculum material.‎ More studies related ‎to ‎the development and usability of ‎AR ‎applications are needed. learners’ opinions about ‎usability and their ‎suggested solutions ‎to ‎problems which they encountered should be ‎more deeply explored.‎ ‎Additional ‎research could be directed toward student satisfaction, ‎motivation,  ‎interactions, and ‎student ‎engagement to better understand the advantages of ‎AR ‎in  educational ‎settings.‎ also, the conditions relating ‎to ‎the problem of ‎cognitive ‎overload in AR technology applications should be ‎researched (topic, age ‎group, ‎interface ‎characteristics, etc.).‎ Future studies on integrating augmented ‎reality ‎technology ‎into ‎smartphones ‎applications and electronic gaming market ‎to ‎simulate ‎physical ‎concepts ‎and experiments.‎ Determine the best tools-based AR ‎application (tablet-‎‎based ‎AR, smartglasses, ‎smartphones, etc.).‎

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