Problems faced by farmers and its legal solution: An empirical study

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Mohan Soni, Prof Dr Bharat Pal


India is a global agricultural powerhouse. It is the world’s largest producer of milk, pulses, and spices, and has the world’s largest cattle herd (buffaloes), as well as the largest area under wheat, rice and cotton. It is the second largest producer of rice, wheat, cotton, sugarcane, farmed fish, sheep & goat meat, fruit, vegetables and tea. However, the farmers in India face many problems. Hence, this research is carried out to study the major issues and problems faced by farmers in India and also the legal solution provided by government to the farmers to overcome those problems. It is found that, the farmers in India are facing many major issues like increasing productivity of land, marketing and distribution of goods, and also the problem of price fixation and negotiation and solve these problems farm laws enacted in 2020 i.e. 1. The Farmer’s Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2. The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Service Act, and 3. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act are passed in the parliament. However, it is too early to conclude whether these laws will be helpful to farmers or not.

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