The Different Schools of Buddhism in the Modern Russian Republic Buryatia.

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Jegmet Spaldon


Buryatia, a Russian republic represents small ethos with a population of 249,525 Buryats (1989 census).[1] As Buryats were part of Monglia before Tsar occupation in , most of the Buryats feel more closer to Mongolia than Russia. In 1552, the Khazan Khanate was conquered by the Tsar and in 16th century settlements were established in Siberia. Further, Peter the Great opened Russia for foreigners that brought German agricultural colonists into the country & alternate to bureaucratic state Orthodox Church and foreign missionaries (Krindatch, 2006).  Today, modern Buryats have fear of disappearing their native language, religion, culture, tradtions, surviving in a new world order. Modernization impacted all around the world; and Buryatia was no exception to escape while during the Stalin era ‘modernization’ under process of ‘socialism’ where nomads were settled, collectivization was undertaken, manufacturing industries were set up and modern means of communication was introduced. Modern Buryat have impacted in terms of living standards, ritual worshipping, identifying being Asian in terms of having Asian nation religion and traditions. The modern Buryatia saw the development of the new Buddhist organization, making their presence along with the traditional Buddhist organization. This paper will deal about the presence of different schools of Buddhism in Buryatia, including their functioning and opinions upon being united.


Ph.D. Center for Russian and Central Asian Studies SIS, JNU. New Delhi. Email- Mobile- 6005718467


[1] It means 249,525 are Bury at (111,069 in the cities &138,456 in the villages), (Skrynnikova, 2003). Now, According to  2010 Census, population data is 2286,839, access


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