Understanding the Multiple Effects of Historical Empathy: A Study Explanatory Mixed Method

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Sezgin Elbay, Erdoğan Kaya


The aim of this research is “Understanding the effects of historical empathy model on academic
achievement and attitudes towards the lesson of Turkish Republic (T.R.) Revolution History and
Kemalism”. To realize the research aim, explanatory mixed method design was administered. Within
that context, firstly, quantitative method was used. Next, qualitative method was employed in order to
explain quantitative data. In the quantitative stage, academic achievement test and attitudes towards the
lesson scale were used as data collection tools; in qualitative stage video camera and semi-structured
interview form were administered. Quantitative data of the research were analyzed via T tests, Manova
and One-Way Covariance Analysis whilst qualitative data were solved via thematic analysis. Analysis
of quantitative data revealed that historical empathy model had statistically significant (p<0,5) effect
on students' academic achievement levels and their mean scores in attitudes towards the lesson. It was
detected that historical empathy contributed to academic achievement by developing multiple literacies
and motivated them to take historical context into account; since the method unveiled a range of
emotional reactions, it was useful to help them develop positive attitudes towards the lesson.

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