Various Dimensions of Modernity in ‘Kollol’ Literary Magazine of Bengali Literature in India

Main Article Content

Kanika Chakraborty


We are to bear in mind the picture of global situation before searching the nature of opposition against Rabindranath by the Kollol circle. The first World War ended in 1918, meanwhile socialism was established in  Soviet Russian 1917 and Kollol was published in the aftermath of it, in at is , in 1923. So the bludgeoning’s of the first world war, too, brought about disappointment, worries, depression of spirits in the  mind of Kolloleans. The colonialist intelligentsia noticed the severe consequences of the European capitalist system. On  the other hand, the post world war sense of hollowness, disintegration, depression of spirits, dejection and decadence caused tremor in the  very base of social psyche of Europe. The  reflection of this social psyche occurred in T.S. Eliot's poem.  The Waste land, published in  1922. Again the Indian communist party was founded in October 1920 in Tashkhand of  post revolution Soviet Russian and it took on time in  spreading this information amongst the colonialist intellectuals. But the ideological firmness did not develop so much amongst most of the young men of Bengal as they might have been able to analyse the social reality e in the  line of Marxian observation, yet some of them were aware of human  weal and woe, poverty and deprivation. Apart from the  philosophy of revolution, after sociologies plus psychology taught the young writers to think in a fresh manner regarding social and family relationships. Surrealistic emerged from Avant - Garde and Dadaism in France. The  young Bengali men started to have their familiarity with all these things. So, the images of kollol are found to be replete with essays dealing with Ramnya Rollna, Maxim Gorky, Noguchi, Neonid Andriv,Gabrial de Anunatsio, H.G Wells, Thomas Hardy, Tolstoy, Thomas rann, Avinobo Gupta wrote  an article entitted "Oti Adhunik Engraji Kobita." So it is  felt from this that the "kollol" circle might have a desire upholding the thoughts of the west heart and soul, so, this steeping themselves in thought -exit pertaining to waste we're not able to see the beam of base. On the contrary, there opposition against Rabindranath was practically turned into 2 a state of self-opposition, Buddhadev Basu said "যাকেকল্লোলযুগবলাহয়তারপ্রধানলক্ষণইবিদ্রোহ"১  (the salient sign of the age which is called as kollol era lies in the act of outrage) it is necessary to give alteration to the nature of this revolt more deeply. 

Article Details