Influential Factors Affecting Math Achievements in the Secondary Schools Functioning in Northern and Mountainous Part of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Muhammad Niqab, Niaz Ali, Abdur Rashid, Ghulam Muhammad, Aftab ur Rahman, Mubarak Shah


The purpose of this study is to recognize and analyze factors affecting achievement in math subject. This is basically a correlational study, with the main focus revolving around the relationships among various factors affecting math achievement. This quantitative study was conducted using a survey instrument comprising of 23 items representing STC, ST, EBS, PC, SCC and GC. Questionnaires were distributed to 113 teachers of secondary schools situated in Wari (mountainous area) sub-division, Dir Upper, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province and affiliated with Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE), Malakand, Pakistan. A total of 100 teachers returned the survey instrument in complete form. Data were analyzed with the help of statistical tools, SPSS version 22, and AMOS graphics version 22. Data obtained was found to be normally distributed. Results of the contemporary study shows that there are certain factors affecting math achievement. Correlation between some exogenous and endogenous variables is higher. The proposed theoretical model affirms that the predictors contribute towards math achievement. This could be an interesting contribution to the literature. This study provides a roadmap and suggest self-development of education system of Pakistan.

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