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This study aimed to know the most important causes of visual impairment and blindness in Arab countries. The researcher collected data from (71) articles about eye diseases and causes of loss of vision, visual impairment, and blindness in Arab countries to achieve the study's aims. The findings indicated that the main causes of visual impairment and blindness in Arab countries by their importance were Cataract, Glaucoma, Refractive Errors, Diabetic retinopathy, Macular degeneration or macular dystrophies, Corneal opacity, Hereditary and Family History, Amblyopia, Retinitis Pigmentosa, Trachoma, and Traumas.
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