Role of Biotechnology in Vegetable Breeding

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Kalyani Pradhan, Sandeep Rout, Barsha Tripathy, Udit Nandan Mishra, Gyanaranjan Sahoo, Ajay Kumar Prusty, Lipsa Dash


Biotechnology generates efficient and cost-effective revenue for the production of a variety of unique, value-added products and tools by utilizing living organisms to manufacture or change items, to improve plants and animals, or to develop organisms for specialized applications. In the last two decades, it has created unrivaled opportunities and has risen to become the world's fastest and most rapidly rising technology in general and in agriculture in particular. It has the potential to increase food productivity while simultaneously decreasing agriculture's reliance on chemicals, lowering the cost of raw materials, and reducing the negative environmental impacts associated with traditional production procedures. Abiotic and biotic challenges are addressed by virtue of recombinant DNA (r-DNA) technology. Similarly, quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping and tissue culture techniques are helping to improve crop quality at the molecular level.The current understanding of new tools for deciphering encoded genetic languages underpins the potential applications of this technology in vegetable crop breeding.

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