Psychological peculiarities of formation of environmental concepts among the students

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Mirmukhsin R. Akramov


The paper presented the results of research aimed at improving the effectiveness of methods for forming students' environmental perceptions. The specialists tested the ideas about the motivation of decision-making related to environmental law, the system of environmental representations, moral behavior, and features of attitudes to natural and existential reality (reality) on a sample of 441 students of the Tashkent State Pedagogical University, Andijan State University, Kokand State Pedagogical Institute, and Navoi State Pedagogical Institute.

The research revealed such typologies of students as "anxious-fearful," "adaptable to life," and "cultivated" according to the dynamics of the development of environmental concepts and moral consciousness. It was determined that students' environmental concepts contribute to formating their pragmatic and aesthetic attitude to nature, cognitive, pragmatic, and aesthetic attitude to themselves and society. For example, "moral introject," "morality as a criterion for establishing relationships with others," "morality as a criterion for individual responsibility of the individual" were identified, which express the properties of students behavior that formed under the influencing of the development of environmental concepts. Psychometric standards were developed to ensure the reliability, objectivity, and validity of the "Alternative" and "Naturafil" methods.

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