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This study aimed to analyse the supporting and inhibiting factors in taking preventive action radicalism in Islamic boarding schools in Indonesia. This research also focuses on the development process in countering radicalism in Islamic boarding schools. The research method used is qualitative with a phenomenological approach. The research sample used is the purposive sampling technique with research subjects: directors, coaches, principals, teachers, and students. The analysis technique used is data reduction, data display and data verification. The study's findings indicate that Islamic boarding schools have supporting factors in countering radicalism, including a curriculum system based on the national and religious curriculum. The dominant inhibiting factor is that differences in perceptions of the meaning of radicalism do not have a standard measure of someone affiliated with radicalism. The construction process in prevention radicalism collaborates with the police and local governments to take preventive action radicalism. The implication of this research is to prevent radicalism by intensive the socialisation of the concept of radicalism and its dangers, especially in educational institutions.
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