Transformational Leadership in Basic Education: A Systematic Review

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Luz Lilly Becerra-Santos


The objective of the research was to determine the features presented by the transformational leadership of managers based on followers in secondary education institutions based on a literature review. The research was a literature review investigation. The population consisted of 35 research articles in order to obtain adequate information to recognize the traits of transformational leadership. The variables were: transformational leadership, managerial qualities and attributes. The technique used was bibliographic research. The organization of archives of various scientific articles was used with Redalic, Scielo, Scopus, using the specialized integral search engine Ebscohost, and other search engines such as Google scholar, located and selected in a specialized bibliographic manager that as Zotero. The transformational struggle is of fundamental importance in the development of the institutional processes of the leaders of the institutions according to the performance of the followers or workers. Transformational leadership skills are developed based on the fulfillment of institutional objectives, such as individual consideration, intellectual stimulation, inspirational motivation and idealized influence that are executed taking into account the fulfillment of institutional objectives. The value that workers play within transformational leadership for the fulfillment of institutional objectives corresponds to the traits that followers of leadership have as important agents within this leadership.

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