Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adult Population of Durg District of Chhattisgarh, India: A Hospital based Study

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Jitendra Kumar, Vishwaprakash Roy, Manish Chandra Mishra


India is one of the epicenters of the global diabetes mellitus epidemic and has the second highest number of people with the disease in the world. The ongoing ICMR-India Diabetes (ICMR-INDIAB) study aims to address this knowledge gap by estimating the prevalence of Diabetes mellitus in India, using uniform sampling techniques and diagnostic criteria in a representative sample of individuals from rural and urban areas of all 29 states of India. The present study was carried out to find the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in adult population of Durg District of Chhattisgarh. For this, blood samples of 299 subjects, after screening were collected.

Fasting glucose level and HbA1c in plasma was measured by using glucose oxidase-peroxidase (GOD-POD) and nephelometric method respectively. Prevalence of Type 2 diabetes was found almost equal among male and female adult population, which may be due to lack of knowledge, lack of physical work or life style pattern. The data generated from this study will be helpful in determining the affected sex ration in a population and the actual cause of prevalence of this disease. Further, the responsible authorities can design some models for mass awakening and implement possible measures for control of the same.

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