Environmental Determinants of Household Food Security in Northern Cross River State, Nigeria: Implications for Community Development

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Dr. Asor Love Joseph, Ojong Aganyi Asu, Dr. Erim Costly Manyor, Tawo Catherine Njong Kate, Prof. Ojuah Umunnakwe Marcellus


This study examined the rural environmental determinants of food security  in Northern Cross River State, Nigeria: Implications for community development. Two research questions were posed for the study. Literature review was carried out based on the variables. A cross sectional descriptive research design was adopted for the study. The purposive sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents for the study. The instrument for data collection was semi- structured questionnaires, focus group discussions and key informant interviews. The reliability estimate of 0.87 was established using Cronbach Alpha Reliability method. The statistical tool for data analysing the quantitative data was descriptive analysis of frequency counts, percentages. The result of analysis revealed that Climate Change and deforestation are determinants of household food security in the study area. It was recommended that in order to raise crop yields, some useful traditional methods of farming need to be encouraged and developed among the women farmers, for example, the use of crop rotations and intercropping.

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